Scientific Papers

Phys. Rev. Lett. 132, 146201 (2024)

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A surface photovoltage (SPV) is observed whenever a doped semiconductor with non-negligible band bending is illuminated by light and charge carriers are excited across the band gap. The sign of the SPV depends on the nature of the doping, the amplitude of the SPV increases with the fluence of the light illumination up to a saturation value, which is determined by the doping concentration. We have investigated Si(100) samples with well-characterized doping levels over a wide range of illumination fluences. Surprisingly, the sign of the SPV upon illumination with 532 nm photons reverses for some p-doping concentrations at high fluences. This is a new effect associated with a crossover between electronic excitations in the bulk and at the surface of the semiconductor.

  • Received 15 September 2022
  • Revised 2 January 2024
  • Accepted 14 February 2024


© 2024 American Physical Society

Condensed Matter, Materials & Applied Physics

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