Hybrid Josephson junctions realized on a two-dimensional electron gas are considered promising candidates for developing topological elements that are easily controllable and scalable. Here, we theoretically study the possibility of the detection of topological superconductivity via the nonlocal spectroscopy technique. We show that the nonlocal conductance is related to the system’s band structure, allowing probe of the gap closing and reopening related to the topological transition. We demonstrate that the topological transition induces a change in the sign of the nonlocal conductance at zero energy due to the change in the quasiparticle character of the dispersion at zero momentum. Importantly, we find that the tunability of the superconducting phase difference via flux in hybrid Josephson junctions systems is strongly influenced by the strength of the Zeeman interaction, which leads to considerable modifications in the complete phase diagram that can be measured under realistic experimental conditions.
- Received 30 June 2023
- Revised 4 October 2023
- Accepted 12 October 2023
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Condensed Matter, Materials & Applied Physics